An academic writing style is a must in scientific work. But how do you write properly scientifically? The dos and don’ts for scientific writing are in this article at a glance!
Do not feel like long texts? Go directly to “Scientific Writing: Short and Short”
Why is scientific writing important?
No matter if it is a term paper, a bachelor thesis, a master thesis or a doctoral thesis – the following applies for scientific papers: the first impression counts. This does not just mean the external form of the work; even though it is self-explanatory that coffee stains and smeared ink on the thesis are a no go.
Verbal and written expression is one of the first criteria by which we judge our fellow human beings. Studies prove that we u. a. Based on the language competence of a person in a matter of seconds decide whether we consider our counterpart to be intelligent. Professors and PhD students who correct scientific papers are not excluded from this. Even before reviewers of academic papers are able to assess the methodological quality of the writing project, even after reading a few paragraphs, one gets an impression of the writer’s competence. For that very reason, scientific writing is one of the basic requirements of scientific work. In extreme cases, the writing style alone decides whether the work with interest and joy is read to the end or not. And how the grading fails. Therefore you should absolutely know the rules for scientific writing! Which ones are you reading below.
Scientific writing ≠ complex writing
Scientific writing should never be equated with “complicated writing”. It is a fallacy that good academic texts score with swollen sentence constructions and the highest possible density of technical terms. On the contrary, scientific writing depends on factual, concise and above all understandable arguments. Therefore, we have put together a list of things that you should consider or avoid when writing scientific papers.
Scientific Writing: Short and Short
Things that make up a scientific writing style
- short and concise sentences based on the “one thought, one sentence” principle
- objective, distanced language, d. H. few adjectives, no embellishments
- Structures for structuring trains of thought (“On the one hand, … on the other”, “it follows that …”)
- Verbs instead of nouns (even if the nominal style is widely used in science: verbs make a text more vivid and easier to understand)
- Things to avoid when writing science
- Tapeworm sentences that complicate the understanding of thought processes
- Filler words (eg “so to speak”, “probably”)
- Words that weaken the argument (eg “in principle”, “to some extent”, “certainly”)
- Generalizations and exaggerations (eg “immense”, “enormous”, “violent”)
- Wortmonster (eg “crop failure insurance business”)
- multiple juxtaposition of direct citations (better: indirect quoting)
- excessive use of anglicisms
- too many shortcuts
“I” constructions like “In this work I compare the theories xy …” (better: passive constructions like “this work is used to compare the theories xy …”, “the following are the theories xy compared.”)
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“Does my thesis correspond to all the quality criteria of a scientific paper?” – Click here for the quality check for the thesis!
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